عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Omission that leads to death of another is crime in criminal law of Iran, whether doing it being duty of forsaker or not. In the first case, that person has not obligation or duty toward another, not for killing of victim but by virtue of first part of single-article of bill of the penal code of 1354, forsaker becomes convicted due to refrain from help to injuries and body hazards removal. In second case, forsaker, based on law, contract or custom has had duty for preventing of effect of killing of incidence causes, if he/she abandons voluntarily with the intention of killing of victim his/her action, is murder and it will be included the article of 206 of Islamic Penal code. Islamic penal code with mentioning word of act in three parts of the article of 206 of Islamic penal code that means behavior, has accepted this sum duty and abandonment arising from it as murder crime. In this case, the custom establishes causation between the accused's behavior and death of victim, although from material view point, causation between these cannot be established.